Bronchitis is a serious condition. It manifests with severe coughing and sputum. It is considered chronic if it occurs for at least 3 months in 12 months for 2 consecutive years. The inhalation process is highly hindered. In this condition, the alveolar inflow is obstructed. These are the basic characteristics of chronic bronchitis or chronic asthma.
Common causes of chronic bronchitis
It is considered to be one of the causes of chronic bronchitis. It brings about slow ciliary movement, increased airway resistance and bronchoconstriction. Smoking can cause more goblet cells and increased level of mucus secretion. The hypertrophy of the mucous glands is also caused by smoking.
Infecttions are also attributed to the causes of chronic bronchitis. However, the role of infection is not certain. Infection may develop some chronic irritation that could progress into emphysema. The common infectious organisms are the Mycoplasma pneumonae, Streptococcus pneumonae, and Haemophilus influenzae.
Pollution of the atmosphere is another cause of chronic asthma. Industrial, as well as domestic pollution, could cause serious atmospheric pollution. Sulfur dioxide too is a cause of such pollution that may cause chronic bronchial irritation. This could also result in airflow resistance.
Occupation could be a risk factor too
People in the coal mining activities and those in the industries may be exposed to the intoxicated dust and fumes. These may cause bronchial tree irritations.
Genetic and family disorders could be a cause for chronic bronchitis
These are usually associated with Alpha-antiprotease deficiency. This could result in such airflow complications.
Types of chronic bronchitis
- Chronic obstructive bronchitis – the airway is obstructed mostly.
- Simple chronic bronchitis – the sputum here is mucoid.
- Chronic asthmatic bronchitis – one has long, continued coughing. The sputum is present and wheezing may come later.
- Chronic recurrent mucopurulent bronchitis – it is characterized by mucopurulent sputum that does not come with localized superlative disease.
The mucus glands could have chronic irritation. This may cause the glands to have hypertrophy. These leads to problems during breathing causing asthmatic symptoms. A chronic cough and sputum may be caused by excessive mucus secretion. One may also experience wheezing. Ensure that you keep of environmental pollutions. Do not stay in intoxicated places. Bronchitis can be prevented by simple ways without using prescription drugs. Infections and other factors that cause chronic bronchitis should be avoided for better health. In the case of continued problems, consult a doctor for medication. Asthmatic attacks could be serious if unattended.